Pol 110 exam 2 | Political Science homework help

  

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1) In 2008 half of all Americans received their political news from

  

a.

television.

 

b.

the Internet.

 

c.

newspapers.

 

d.

the radio

 

e.

magazines.

2) Which group, since 1961, has become more attached to Republican presidential candidates?

  

a.

Jews

 

b.

Evangelical Christians

 

c.

Muslims

 

d.

Individuals without a religious orientation

 

e.

Lutherans

3) The gaps between the opinions of young adults and senior citizens are particularly large when examining the topic of

  

a.

gay marriage.

 

b.

single parent families.

 

c.

inter-racial dating.

 

d.

the importance of prayer in daily life.

 

e.

constitutional interpretation.

4) The authors suggest an increase in media competition in recent years has had the effect of making reporters and producers

  

a.

trusting of governmental officials.

 

b.

more likely to validate information in cautious manner.

 

c.

less likely to use unnamed sources.

 

d.

insistent upon a high degree of accuracy.

 

e.

susceptible to acting wild and reckless.

5) When The New York Times sought to publish the Pentagon Papers and the federal government sued to prevent publication, the Supreme Court

  

a.

allowed publication to proceed.

 

b.

prohibited publication.

 

c.

allowed publication but assessed fines.

 

d.

found that it had no jurisdiction.

 

e.

refused to consider the case.

6) Workers in Britain or in France are more likely to think of themselves as members of the

  

a.

lower class.

 

b.

elite class.

 

c.

middle class.

 

d.

leisurely class.

 

e.

working class.

7) The type of interest group whose numbers increased most rapidly in the early 1980s was the

  

a.

corporate PAC.

 

b.

labor PAC.

 

c.

professional PAC.

 

d.

ideological PAC.

 

e.

legal PAC.

8) When machine parties were at their height, voter turnout was

  

a.

very low.

 

b.

very high.

 

c.

erratic.

 

d.

underestimated by dishonest vote counts.

 

e.

rarely high and especially low when the country was at   war.

9) By 1972, the Democratic National Convention became a place where delegates met to

  

a.

meticulously review the party platform.

 

b.

provide vigorous assessment of each candidate.

 

c.

formally select the vice presidential nominee.

 

d.

ratify decisions already made by primary voters.

 

e.

Both options A and B are correct.

10) The political machine is a party organization that recruits its members through the use of

  

a.

grassroots efforts.

 

b.

the Internet.

 

c.

tangible incentives.

 

d.

radical political philosophy.

 

e.

interest groups.

11) The United States has a two-party system rather than the multiparty system common elsewhere. One reason numerous parties have been discouraged is that election laws for the House of Representatives

  

a.

employ proportional representation, where parties can   nominate candidates in proportion to the number of registered party members   in the district.

 

b.

require single-member districts where only one candidate   can win.

 

c.

limit the number of candidates to the top two vote-getters   in the primaries.

 

d.

provide federal money only to candidates of the Democratic   and Republican parties.

 

e.

allow candidates to block each other’s nomination.

12) Compared with labor and business PACs, ideological PACs

  

a.

raise less money.

 

b.

spend more money on candidates.

 

c.

raise more money and spend less on candidates.

 

d.

raise less money and spend more on candidates.

 

e.

recruit more candidates who have more money.

13) When did the United States begin using the secret ballot?

  

a.

When VAP and VEP data became available

 

b.

When the so-called Australian ballot was adopted

 

c.

When the Voting Rights Act was passed in 1965

 

d.

When the government began registering people to vote

 

e.

When the government began conducting the census

14) Which of the following resulted in a dramatic change in the number of blacks who registered and voted?

  

a.

The Voting Rights Act of 1965

 

b.

The Civil Rights Act of 1964

 

c.

The ratification of the Fifteenth Amendment in 1870

 

d.

The ratification of the Twenty-sixth Amendment in 1971

 

e.

The ratification of the Nineteenth Amendment in 1920

15) Which of the following was a major change in regard to American elections?

  

a.

Direct election of members of the House

 

b.

Equal representation in the electoral college

 

c.

Uniform eligibility requirements for electors

 

d.

Appointment of state legislators

 

e.

Direct election of members of the Senate

16) An analysis of campaign promises made between 1944 and 1964 by the two major parties revealed that ____ percent of the promises were carried out.

  

a.

31

 

b.

46

 

c.

72

 

d.

64

 

e.

80

17) Some states disenfranchise __________ for life.

  

a.

felons

 

b.

gamblers

 

c.

former politicians

 

d.

marijuana smokers

 

e.

first-time, non-violent offenders

18) Which Democratic presidential candidate received 90 percent or more of Democratic votes?

  

a.

Carter (1976 and 1980)

 

b.

Clinton (1992 and 1996)

 

c.

Gore (2000)

 

d.

Kerry (2004)

 

e.

Obama (2008)

19) A bill that can have amendments from the floor is operating under __________ rule.

  

a.

closed

 

b.

open

 

c.

restrictive

 

d.

options

 

e.

alterations

20) Although party voting and polarization appear to be the trend in recent Congressional history, it is also true that

  

a.

members of Congress are also more congenial than ever.

 

b.

party unity in Great Britain and other parliamentary   democracies is much higher.

 

c.

political parties and party leaders are now stronger than   ever.

 

d.

today, most voters are clearly ideological.

 

e.

members of Congress have fairly low salaries.

21) The “franking privilege” allows a representative in Congress

  

a.

free trips to the home district.

 

b.

free office space in Washington.

 

c.

free postage for mailings.

 

d.

free meals in the Capitol’s cafeteria.

 

e.

impressive savings on materials from the Department of   Defense.

22) Under the Constitution, bills can originate in either house of Congress with the exception of

  

a.

proposed constitutional amendments, which must begin in   the Senate.

 

b.

declarations of war, which must begin in the House.

 

c.

bills to override a president’s veto, which must begin in   the Senate.

 

d.

bills for raising revenue, which must begin in the House.

 

e.

bills reducing expenditures that were previously   appropriated.

23) A president’s veto can be overridden by

  

a.

a majority vote in either house of Congress.

 

b.

a two-thirds vote of both houses of Congress.

 

c.

a conference committee of Congress.

 

d.

a concurrent resolution.

 

e.

any senior member of the Senate.

24) The Committee chairmen must be elected by

  

a.

a roll-call vote.

 

b.

secret ballot.

 

c.

seniority.

 

d.

absentee ballot.

 

e.

a unanimous vote.

25) The purpose of a conference committee is to

  

a.

propose legislation by reporting a bill.

 

b.

resolve differences between House and Senate versions of a   bill.

 

c.

decide whether Congress should override a president’s   veto.

 

d.

determine how long a bill can be debated in the House.

 

e.

decided whether to end debate on legislation.

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