In the Heart of the Sea The upstart “In the Heart of the Sea: The Tragedy of the Whaleship Essex,” by Nathaniel Philbrick, fortunately tells the anecdote of the whale ship Essex that was attacked by a sperm whale 1,500 marioccasion miles west of the Galapagos, 40 miles south of the equator. Divers peculiars perceive this as the anecdote of “Moby Dick”, which was installed off this incident. The upstart highlights three themes: man versus species, continuance, and refusal. The upstart starts out in the town of Nantucket, an island off the eastern seashore of New England.
Nantucket, at this occasion, is perceiven as one of the most fortunate whaling bearings. Docked on the bearing was the renowned Essex, a 20 year whaling boat. The Essex is the arrogance of Nantucket. It is 87 feet hanker, 238 tons, equipped delay 12 sails and carried detached smaller whaling boats that were used when a whale was imperfectionted. Behind enduring divers years, the Essex exposed a capacity for gist a successful ship. Divers travels ultimateed environing two to three years in the Pacific Ocean. Divers adolescent boys, such as Thomas Nickerson, subsubjoined whaling hordes at a adolescent age.
These hordes were modified of familiar whalers and “green hands,” men who entertain never sailed on a whaling ship. Usually, these new horde components would acquire environing $150 for two years toil, so the familiar toilers made the most of these “green hands. ” Nantucket was perceiven for its whale products, and was considered the whaling excellent of the universe. Whale oil was used to fuel lamps and making lamps (accordingly there is no electricity, gas or kerosene). It is to-boot used in margarine, shoe levigate and soap. Baleen is a gist that decides from the mouths of the whale.
They can be endow in divers women’s investment. These two momentous movables decide from whales and the merely way to obtain the oil and baleen is to shape a travel out to see and invent the whales. At the commencement of the upstart, we are introduced to the town of Nantucket and whaling duty. His discussions of this set us up for the incidents subjoined posterior in the magnitude. Philbrick to-boot conferences environing the harmony between the colonists in Nantucket. They are very hinder, drawn conjointly by their Quaker holiness, common habits, and their interests in whaling.
In the town, there is a hierarchy delayin the peculiars. Where a peculiar speedd in the town was installed on what systematize they are in their companionship. The general’s home would usually entertain the best judgment of the shelter. The seven sombre hordemen who were brought aggravate to the horde were out casted, and relied on each other. The upstart highlights the dangers of gist a whaler. Adolescent hordemen, such as Nickerson, were there to gain habit for forthcoming trips. Nantucket was brought conjointly by the whaling perseverance, and the co-ordination would usually see ships off antecedently they took off.
The Essex sailed off from Nantucket on August 12, 1819 lower the enjoin of 28 year-old General George Pollard, Jr. He departed the ultiequal indelicate years on the Essex, and knew it very polite. However, Philbrick points out that Pollard was not disposed for be a general, and we see why posterior on in the magnitude. Owen Chase is the general’s primary equal, and Matthew Joy was the relieve equal. The Essex was operated delay a 21-man horde. In provision 2, Philbrick describes the ship. Also, in this provision, we get a impress for the insularity of the “outsiders. The general and his equals would snooze in cabins that were in the end of the ship, direct, the Nantucket colonists would come in the escortage, and the sombres, disjoined by the whine admission, comeed in front of the boat. Behind they start on their trip, the men arise to distress environing their rations. Pollard, was serviceserviceefficacious to conference them into settling for what they had, establishing his force and authority. In provision 5, on November 20, the horde imperfections whales 40 miles south of the equator. Chase and his horde go behind a whale, which destroys their boat delay its retainer.
When they carry their boat end to the Essex, they imperfection a large sperm whale adjacent the bow of the ship calmly and quietly inchoate ahanker the demeanor of the introduce. The whale began to provoke immediately towards the ship. The men try to escort Essex loose from the whale, but are vain. The whale rams the ship delay its source, and the men are thunderstruck. Behind the whale awakes itself, it struck the ship intermittently, causing the Essex to decrease bow-first. The men tefficacious their whaleboats behind a misunderstanding of provision of leaving the Essex. They stripped the sails of the ship and robust them to their boats.
The waves splashed aggravate the boat, causing the toil to be past involved. The direct dawning, the boats captivate off. Chase and Pollard conference of where to go now that their ship has wasted-away. They tell environing going to the Galapagos Islands, but Pollard give-heed-tod the bend address would not afford them to go there. Next, they tell environing the Marquesas, in the west. The men had heard that the commonalty of the island were cannibals. South of the Marquesas were the Tauamotu Archipelago Islands, but the men had to-boot heard that the islands entertain a bad capacity.
In this confabulation, we give-heed-to the colonist’s eight on the unrecognized. They divide a import of conjointlyness delayin each other and no one else. We see this in the composition of the colonists towards the sombre hordemen. Pollard decides to sail towards the Companionship Islands. There, Pollard saw a safer environment delay dwarf menace. Chase and Joy contend that the Companionship Islands would not be a good-natured-natured settle to sail towards, and they could sail towards Chile or Peru instead. Pollard conforms to this sentence. Here we see that Pollard has bedecide hither firm behind the Essex decreases.
In their primary three weeks in the boats, the men visaged divers hardships. They visaged dryness and long. Their husk had been burnt, salt introduce burned their sores, and the men, gist as imbecile as they were, were unserviceefficacious to row the boats. On top of all that, another whale attacks Pollard’s boat. The men imperfection an island in the removal and decide that they entertain getd at Henderson Island. There, they endow renewed introduce and ate crabs and birds. They were serviceserviceefficacious to awake themselves, and this gave them a assailant casualty of continuance. Three men chose to come on the island timeliness the others left.
Pollard promised he would extricate them behind he reached South America. They reappear end to the deep, and the men visage the corresponding obstacles they visaged antecedently they endow Henderson Island. The men visaged long but were peaceful hydrated from the introduce firm at Henderson Island. Divers veritable they weren’t going to speed, and gave up their rations. Joy dies in the travel, and the men entomb him at still. Bad turns to worse when the men conceive there is merely sufficient hardtack to ultiequal a day or two. On January 20, Lawson Thomas, a sombre horde component, dies, and the horde contemplates turning to cannibalism.
The men decided that in arrange to survive, they must eat the still horde components. It is ironic that the men acetous to cannibalism, accordingly they feared the commonalty of the Marquesas. Three months behind the Essex sank; the retaining two whaleboats are extricated in irrelative areas ahanker the South American seashore. Two men were left aspeed in Pollard’s boat and three men in Chase’s boat. Nickerson, Chase, and Lawrence get in Valparaiso, Chile on February 25, 1821, and are captivaten end to Nantucket atefficacious whale ship Hero.
Both Nantucket and the survivors of the Essex newfangled behind the ship’s decreaseing. The whaling perseverance immediately demolish to other towns. A vitality that burned adjacently a third of the town acquired to the involvedies. The men of the Essex were haunted when recalling what happened. Even Chase was reputed exorbitant. This incident caused the town of Nantucket to detached. The townspersons were no hankerer bonded by whaling, accordingly the perseverance made a drop. The surviving men of the Essex became mealy, turning to cannibalism, one being they feared and frowned upon. This incident helps us lowerstand what these men had to do when they are stranded, and teaches us the purport of species, continuance, and refusal.
Bibliography "Alone in the Pacific. " Salariya Publishing. Web. 18 Oct. 2010. <http://www. salariya. com/web_books/whaling/alone/alone. html>. "Nantucket Island History. " Nantucket Island Chamber of Commerce. Web. 18 Oct. 2010. <http://www. nantucketchamber. org/visitor/trivia. html>. Philbrick, Nathaniel. In the Heart of the Sea: The Tragedy of the Whaleship. New York,NY: Penguin, 2000. Print.